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GHS Labeling: Precautionary and Hazard Statements

The GHS-mandated P-statements describe storing, handling and first aid precautions. These replace the EU’s S-phrases.
The GHS-mandated H-statements provide safety, health and environmental warnings. They replace the EU’s R-phrases.


General Precautionary Statements

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P101 If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand
P102 Keep out of reach of children
P103 Read label before use

Prevention Precautionary Statements

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P201 Obtain special instructions before use
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces – No smoking
P211 Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source
P220 Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials
P221 Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles
P222 Do not allow contact with air
P223 Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire
P230 Keep wetted with …
P231 Handle under inert gas
P232 Protect from moisture
P233 Keep container tightly closed
P234 Keep only in original container
P235 Keep cool
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/light/…/equipment
P242 Use only non-sparking tools
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge
P244 Keep reduction valves free from grease and oil
P250 Do not subject to grinding/shock/…/friction
P251 Pressurized container – Do not pierce or burn, even after use
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing
P263 Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing
P264 Wash … thoroughly after handling
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area
P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace
P273 Avoid release to the environment
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required
P282 Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection
P283 Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing
P284 Wear respiratory protection
P285 In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection
P231+232 Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture
P235+410 Keep cool. Protect from sunlight

Response Precautionary Statements

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P301 IF SWALLOWED
P302 IF ON SKIN
P303 IF ON SKIN (or hair)
P304 IF INHALED
P305 IF IN EYES
P306 IF ON CLOTHING
P307 IF exposed
P308 IF exposed or concerned
P309 IF exposed or you feel unwell
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician
P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell
P313 Get medical advice/attention
P314 Get Medical advice/attention if you feel unwell
P315 Get immediate medical advice/attention
P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label)
P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label)
P322 Specific measures (see … on this label)
P330 Rinse mouth
P331 Do NOT induce vomiting
P332 If skin irritation occurs
P333 If skin irritation or a rash occurs
P334 Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages
P335 Brush off loose particles from skin
P336 Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected areas
P337 If eye irritation persists
P338 Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do. continue rinsing
P340 Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing
P341 If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing
P342 If experiencing respiratory symptoms
P350 Gently wash with soap and water
P351 Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes
P352 Wash with soap and water
P353 Rinse skin with water/shower
P360 Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes
P361 Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing
P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse
P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse
P370 In case of fire
P371 In case of major fire and large quantities
P372 Explosion risk in case of fire
P373 DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives
P374 Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance
P375 Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion
P376 Stop leak if safe to do so
P377 Leaking gas fire – do not extinguish unless leak can be stopped safely
P378 Use … for extinction
P380 Evacuate area
P381 Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so
P391 Collect spillage
P301+310 IF SWALLOWED Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician
P301+312 IF SWALLOWED Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell
P301+330+331 IF SWALLOWED Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting
P302+334 IF ON SKIN Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages
P302+350 IF ON SKIN Gently wash with soap and water
P302+352 IF ON SKIN Wash with soap and water
P303+361+353 IF ON SKIN (or hair) Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower
P304+312 IF INHALED Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell
P304+340 IF INHALED Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing
P304+341 IF INHALED If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing
P305+351+338 IF IN EYES Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing
P306+360 IF ON CLOTHING Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes
P307+311 IF exposed Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician
P308+313 IF exposed or concerned Get medical advice/attention
P309+311 IF exposed or you feel unwell Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician
P332+313 If skin irritation occurs Get medical advice/attention
P333+313 If skin irritation or a rash occurs Get medical advice/attention
P335+334 Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages
P337+313 If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention
P342+311 If experiencing respiratory symptoms Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician
P370+376 In case of fire Stop leak if safe to do so
P370+378 In case of fire Use … for extinction
P370+380 In case of fire Evacuate area
P370+380+375 In case of fire Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion
P371+380+375 In case of major fire and large quantities Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion

Storage Precautionary Statements

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P401 Store …
P402 Store in a dry place
P403 Store in a well ventilated place
P404 Store in a closed container
P405 Store locked up
P406 Store in a corrosive resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner
P407 Maintain air gap between stacks/pallets
P410 Protect from sunlight
P411 Store at temperatures not exceeding … °C/… °F
P412 Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/122 °F
P413 Store bulk masses greater than … kg/… lbs at temperatures not exceeding … °C/… °F
P420 Store away from other materials
P422 Store contents under …
P402+404 Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container
P403+233 Store in a well ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed
P403+235 Store in a well ventilated place. Keep cool
P410+403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well ventilated place
P410+412 Protect from sunlight. Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/122 °F
P411+235 Store at temperatures not exceeding … °C/… °F. Keep cool

Physical Hazards

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H200 Unstable explosive
H201 Explosive; mass explosive hazard
H202 Explosive; severe projection hazard
H203 Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard
H204 Fire or projection hazard
H205 May mass explode in fire
H220 Extremely flammable gas
H221 Flammable gas
H222 Extremely flammable aerosol
H223 Flammable aerosol
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapor
H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapor
H226 Flammable liquid and vapor
H227 Combustible liquid
H228 Flammable solid
H240 Heating may cause an explosion
H241 Heating may cause a fire or explosion
H242 Heating may cause a fire
H250 Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air
H251 Self-heating; may catch fire
H252 Self-heating; in large quantities; may catch fire
H260 In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously
H261 In contact with water releases flammable gas
H270 May cause or intensify fire; oxidizer
H271 May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidizer
H272 May intensify fire; oxidizer
H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated
H281 Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury
H290 May be corrosive to metals

Health Hazards

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H300 Fatal if swallowed
H301 Toxic if swallowed
H302 Harmful if swallowed
H303 May be harmful if swallowed
H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
H305 May be harmful if swallowed and enters airways
H310 Fatal in contact with skin
H311 Toxic in contact with skin
H312 Harmful in contact with skin
H313 May be harmful in contact with skin
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
H315 Causes skin irritation
H316 Causes mild skin irritation
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction
H318 Causes serious eye damage
H319 Causes serious eye irritation
H320 Causes eye irritation
H330 Fatal if inhaled
H331 Toxic if inhaled
H332 Harmful if inhaled
H333 May be harmful if inhaled
H334 May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled
H335 May cause respiratory irritation
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness
H340 May cause genetic defects [state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]
H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects [state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]
H350 May cause cancer [state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]
H351 Suspected of causing cancer [state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]
H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child [state specific effect if known][state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child [state specific effect if known][state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]
H362 May cause harm to breast-fed children
H370 Causes damage to organs [or state all organs affected, if known] [state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]
H371 May cause damage to organs [or state all organs affected, if known][state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]
H372 Causes damage to organs [state all organs affected, if known] through prolonged or repeated exposure [state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]
H373 May cause damage to organs [state all organs affected, if known] through prolonged or repeated exposure [state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard]

Environmental Hazards

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H400 Very toxic to aquatic life
H401 Toxic to aquatic life
H402 Harmful to aquatic life
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects
H413 May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life



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